One Health Concept Recognizes that Animal and Human Health are Inter-dependent

Shahid Akhter, editor, ETHealthworld, spoke to Atul Chaturvedi, Secretary, Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Government of India, to know more about the critical need to efficiently and effectively implement the One Health approach in India.

What does the One Health Concept stand for?

It has been seen in the recent past that various health related issues having enormous socio-economic impact across the globe are emerging. These include emergence of new infections, re-emergence of existing diseases that are often neglected, detection of antimicrobial resistance at human-animal-environment interface and influence of climate change on vector-borne diseases and vector epidemiology.

Global health is facing growing threats posed by emerging zoonoses and impacted as loss of hundreds of billions of US dollars causing massive economic damage in the past 20 years. An estimated 1.7 million viral species are circulating among wildlife and 50 % of these have the potential to cause human infections. Emergence of novel viruses and pandemics are usually influenced by socio environmental factors.